Botanical models made of papier mâché and other materials. Made in Breslau (Wroclaw), Poland and Berlin between 1866 and the late 1930s by R. Brendel & Company.

Three botanical models.
Three botanical models. 19th-20th c. Labeled “R. Brendel, Berlin W.” Papier mâché, gelatin, plaster, and wood. Image © 1stdibs, Inc. 2019. Fair use license. via https://www.1stdibs.com/furniture/more-furniture-collectibles/collectibles-curiosities/models-miniatures/r-brendel-botanical-models/id-f_2135062/
"Rosa canina," Botanical model. 1875-98.
“Rosa canina,” Botanical model. 1875-98. Manufactured in Berlin. Wood, papier-mâché, cardboard, plaster, reed pith, metal, string, feathers, gelatin, glass and bone glue beads, cloth, metallic thread, horsehair, hemp, or silk threads, paint, and shellac varnish. Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History. Image © Smithsonian Institution. Fair use license. via https://www.wagmag.com/art-naturally/
"Theobroma cacao." Botanical model. 1875-98.
“Theobroma cacao.” Botanical model. 1875-98. Manufactured in Berlin by R. Brendel & Company. Wood, papier-mâché, cardboard, plaster, reed pith, metal, string, feathers, gelatin, glass and bone glue beads, cloth, metallic thread, horsehair, hemp, or silk threads, paint, and shellac varnish. Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History. Image © Smithsonian Institution. via https://www.wagmag.com/art-naturally/

Landscapes that sing of summer. Polish. Władysław Podkowiński, painter (1866-1895).Studied art in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg.

"Gra w krokieta (fragment parku w Bidzinach koło Sandomierza)."
“Gra w krokieta (fragment parku w Bidzinach koło Sandomierza).” 1893. Oil on canvas. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:W%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_Podkowi%C5%84ski_-_Gra_w_krokieta_1893.jpg
"Pejzaż ze stogiem." 1893.
“Pejzaż ze stogiem.” 1893. Oil on canvas. Collection of the National Museum, Kraków. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:W%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_Podkowi%C5%84ski_-_Pejza%C5%BC_ze_stogiem_1893.jpg
"A lupin field." 1891.
“A lupin field.” 1891. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://mnk.pl/collection/wladyslaw-podkowinski-the-harbinger-of-polish-modernism
2z6_NC8twkwyUc3mWEqjqkfCyiLTo10H4AdmzSFx1kE
“Krajobraz zielony ze strumykiem.” 1891. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://www.reddit.com/r/museum/comments/77d7po/w%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_podkowi%C5%84ski_krajobraz_zielony_ze/?ref=readnext

People of the past living exciting lives seen through an Eastern European haze. Vasily Alexandrovich Kotarbinsky, artist (1849-1921). Born in Poland, he mostly worked in Russia.

"Venetian Serenade." 1881.
“Venetian Serenade.” 1881. In the public domain because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://desa.pl/pl/auctions/239/object/27605/wilhelm-kotarbinski-wenecka-serenada-1881-r
"Roman Orgy." Date unknown.
“Roman Orgy.” Date unknown. Oil on canvas. Image © 2019 Sotheby’s. Fair use license. via http://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/lot.14.html/2012/important-russian-art
"After the Death." No date.
“After the Death.” No date. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://www.wikiart.org/en/wilhelm-kotarbinski/after-the-death
"Favorite of the Seraglio with her Handmaiden." No date.
“Favorite of the Seraglio with her Handmaiden.” No date. Oil on canvas. Image ©2019 Artnet Worldwide Corporation. Fair use license. via http://www.artnet.com/artists/vasili-aleksandrovich-kotarbinsky/favorite-of-the-seraglio-with-her-handmaiden-1hcX9CSuUw59GznkWh-vLQ2
"Les Sirènes." No date.
“Les Sirènes.” No date. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 70 years ago. via https://leprincelointain.blogspot.com/2018/11/vasily-kotarbinsky-1849-1921-les-sirenes.html