Geometrical figures and perspective drawings, 16th century watercolors preserved at the Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenbüttel in Lower Saxony. No artist or author’s name but beautiful.

Image 63. Collections of the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel. In the pubic domain due to age. via https://diglib.hab.de/wdb.php?dir=mss/74-1-aug-2f&distype=thumbs
Image 65. Collections of the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel. In the pubic domain due to age. via https://diglib.hab.de/wdb.php?dir=mss/74-1-aug-2f&distype=thumbs
Image 69. Image 65. Collections of the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel. In the pubic domain due to age. via https://diglib.hab.de/wdb.php?dir=mss/74-1-aug-2f&distype=thumbs

Artwork from various Finnish artists, that illustrate “The Kalevala,” the national epic poem of Finland. Collections of the State of Finland and very pretty.

“The defense of the Sampo.” Sketch for the cupola frescoes of the Finnish Pavilion at the  1900 Paris Exposition Universelle. 1899. Finnish. Gouache on paper. Akseli Gallen-Kallela, artist (1865-1931). Collections of the National Board of Antiquities of the State of Finland. Photo credit: Finnish National Gallery. Cc0 license, copyright free. via https://www.kansallisgalleria.fi/en/object/389962
Aino myth triptych. 1891. Finnish. Oil on canvas. Akseli Gallen-Kallela, artist (1865-1931). Collections of the State of Finland. Photo credit: National Gallery of Finland. Cc0 License, copyright free. via https://www.kansallisgalleria.fi/en/object/392351
“Väinämöisen’s call.” 19th c, before 1873. Finnish. Oil on canvas. Robert Wilhelm Ekman, artist (1808-1873). Collections of the Ateneum Art Museum. Photo credit: National Gallery of Finland. Cc0 License, copyright free. via https://www.kansallisgalleria.fi/en/object/400334
“Ilmater.” 1860. Finnish. Oil. Robert Wilhelm Ekman, artist (1808-1873). Collections of the Ateneum Art Museum. Photo credit: National Gallery of Finland. Cc0 License, copyright free. via https://www.kansallisgalleria.fi/en/object/402262

Watercolors of flowers. American. Annie Gooding Sykes, artist. Living from 1855 to 1931, she was the daughter of a silversmith. Studied at the Cincinnati Art Academy.

“Still Life with Chrysanthemums.” Undated. American. Watercolor and gouache on artist’s board. Signed in watercolor on the lower left. Image © Swann Auction Galleries. Fair use license. via https://catalogue.swanngalleries.com/Lots/auction-lot/ANNIE-GOODING-SYKES-Still-Life-with-Chrysanthemums?saleno=2575&lotNo=71&refNo=778303

“Gladiolus Garden.” ca. 1900. American. Watercolor on cream wove paper. Signed in pencil over red ink on the lower left. Image © Swann Auction Galleries. Fair use license. via https://catalogue.swanngalleries.com/Lots/auction-lot/ANNIE-GOODING-SYKES-Gladiolus-Garden?saleno=2575&lotNo=72&refNo=778301
“Lillies in Bloom.” 20th c. American. Watercolor. Signed on the lower right. Image © 1stDibs.com, Inc. 2021. Fair use license. via https://www.1stdibs.com/art/drawings-watercolor-paintings/landscape-drawings-watercolors/annie-gooding-sykes-lillies-bloom/id-a_421482/

Hand-colored aquatint and engraved folio sheets of places on the Hudson River in New York State taken from the “Hudson River Portfolio”. William Guy Wall, artist. Engraved by John Hill. Published in New York by Henry I Megarey between 1821 and 1825. All of these taken from a current Swann Auctions catalog.

“View from Fort Montgomery,” from the “Hudson River Portfolio.” William Guy Wall, artist. John Hill, engraver. Image © Swann Auction Galleries. Fair use license. via https://catalogue.swanngalleries.com/Lots/auction-lot/-HUDSON-RIVER-PORTFOLIO–John-Hill–after-William-Guy-Wall-G?saleno=2571&lotNo=221&refNo=777821
“Troy from Mount Ida,” from the “Hudson River Portfolio.” William Guy Wall, artist. John Hill, engraver. Image © Swann Auction Galleries. Fair use license. via https://catalogue.swanngalleries.com/Lots/auction-lot/-HUDSON-RIVER-PORTFOLIO–John-Hill–after-William-Guy-Wall-G?saleno=2571&lotNo=221&refNo=777821
“View near Fort Miller,” from the “Hudson River Portfolio.” William Guy Wall, artist. John Hill, engraver. Image © Swann Auction Galleries. Fair use license. via https://catalogue.swanngalleries.com/Lots/auction-lot/-HUDSON-RIVER-PORTFOLIO–John-Hill–after-William-Guy-Wall-G?saleno=2571&lotNo=221&refNo=777821
“View near Sandy Hill,” from the “Hudson River Portfolio.” William Guy Wall, artist. John Hill, engraver. Image © Swann Auction Galleries. Fair use license. via https://catalogue.swanngalleries.com/Lots/auction-lot/-HUDSON-RIVER-PORTFOLIO–John-Hill–after-William-Guy-Wall-G?saleno=2571&lotNo=221&refNo=777821
“Rapids above Hadleys Falls.” from the “Hudson River Portfolio.” William Guy Wall, artist. John Hill, engraver. Image © Swann Auction Galleries. Fair use license. via https://catalogue.swanngalleries.com/Lots/auction-lot/-HUDSON-RIVER-PORTFOLIO–John-Hill–after-William-Guy-Wall-G?saleno=2571&lotNo=221&refNo=777821

Visions of an India that isn’t coming back. One of Ceylon (Sri Lanka). English. Henry Salt, artist. Living from 1780 to 1827, he was also a diplomat and collector of antiquities.

“Ruins of the fort at Juanpore on the River Goomtee,” taken from “Twenty Four Views in Saint Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt.” Published in 1809. Image source bl.uk. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 100 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Henry_Salt-05.jpg
“View near Point de Galle, Ceylon” from “Twenty Four Views in Saint Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt.” Published in 1809. Image source: bl.uk. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years agovia https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Henry_Salt-08.jpg
“Riacotta in the Baramahal,” Plate 12 of Henry Salt’s “Twenty Four Views in Saint Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt.” Published in 1809. Image source: europeana.eu. In the public domain due to age. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Riacotta_in_the_Baramahal.jpg

Way up north with explorer of the Canadian Arctic Admiral Sir George Back who was also a talented watercolorist. Living from 1796 to 1878, he was also a naturalist.

“HMS Terror off a spectacular iceberg, believed to be in the Davis Strait, between Canada and Greenland.” 19th c. British. Watercolor. Signed “G Back” on the lower left. Image © Bonhams 2001-2021. Fair use license. via https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/26404/lot/165/?category=list&length=192&page=1
“First stopped by the ice.” 1826. British. Watercolor and pencil. Signed “Capt. Back” on the lower right. Dated “July 9th 1826” on the lower left and titled in the lower center. Image © Bonhams 2001-2021. Fair use license. via https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/26404/lot/166/?category=list&length=192&page=1
“Winter houses of Esquimaux.” 1826. British. Watercolor and pencil. Signed “Capt. Back” on the lower right. Dated “July 12th 1826 on the lower right. Titled on the lower center. Used as an illustration as an engraving in John Franklin’s Narrative of a second expedition to the shores of the polar sea, in the years 1825, 1826, and 1827, (London, 1828), p.121. Image © Bonhams 2001-2021. Fair use license. via https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/26404/lot/171/?category=list&length=192&page=1

Note: thinking this depicts the summer houses of the Esquimaux (Inuit) as they appear to be made of wood and the watercolor is dated July 1826, but winter is what it says.

“Boats in a Swell amongst heavy Ice.” 1826. British. Watercolor and pencil. Signed “Capt. Back on the lower right. Dated “Aug 24th 1826 on the lower left. Titled on the lower center. Used as an illustration as an engraving in John Franklin’s Narrative of a second expedition to the shores of the polar sea, in the years 1825, 1826, and 1827, (London, 1828), p.170. Image © Bonhams 2001-2021. Fair use license. via https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/26404/lot/173/?category=list&length=192&page=1

Landscapes with mountains painted by German artist Carl Ludwig Hackert who also lived in Switzerland and made at least one trip to Italy. (1740-1796).

“An Italian palace, possibly The Reggia of Portici, Naples.” 18th c. German. Gouache within black ink framing lines. Image © 2021 Sothebys. Fair use license. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2021/old-master-drawings/an-italian-palace-possibly-the-reggia-of-portici
“A view of Mont Blanc and Geneva.” 1796. German. Gouache on paper. Signed, inscribed and dated “Vue du Mont Blanc et Genève peint par Carl Hackert 1796” on the lower left. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2021. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-5605563
“Vue de la Source de L’Arveron.” View of the Arve rising from a glacier, with men sitting on stones in the river. ca 1780. German. Hand colored etching. Inscription: Lettered with the title and signed “Carl Hackert f.” in the margin. Image © The Trustees of the British Museum. Artwork itself in the public domain due to age. Fair use license. via https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1958-0712-1351

Flower pictures from Ireland just a hop, skip and jump back. Andrew Nicholl, artist. Living from 1804 to 1886, he painted beaches in Ceylon too but I like the flower ones best.

“July Wildflowers.” 19th c. Irish. Watercolor on paper. Image © Irish Museum of Modern Art. Fair use license. via https://imma.ie/collection/july-wild-flowers/
“A flowerbank with poppies, harebells and marigolds.” 19th c. Irish. Pencil and watercolor, heightened with touches of bodycolor and with scratching out. Signed signed “A. Nicholl, R.H.A.” on the lower right. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2021. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-4704754
“Wildflowers with a View of Dublin Dunleary.” 19th c. Watercolor on paper. Collections of the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. Image © bridgemanimages.com. Artwork itself in the public domain due to age. via https://www.meisterdrucke.uk/fine-art-prints/Andrew-Nicholl/126151/Wildflowers-with-a-View-of-Dublin-Dunleary-.html

Plates from W. H. Pyne’s work “The history of the royal residences of Windsor Castle, Saint James’s Palace, Carlton House, Kensington Palace, Hampton Court, Buckingham House, and Frogmore” which was published between 1816 and 1819. These being from Volume I of three.

“Ancient Kitchen, Windsor Castle.” Image 29. Collections of and digitalized by the Getty Research Institute. In the public domain due to age. via https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=gri.ark:/13960/t7qp2n24k&view=1up&seq=31
“Ancient Bell Tower, Windsor Castle.” Image 52. Collections of and digitalized by the Getty Research Institute. In the public domain due to age. via https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=gri.ark:/13960/t7qp2n24k&view=1up&seq=52
“Staircase, Windsor Castle.” Image 108. Collections of and digitalized by the Getty Research Institute. In the public domain due to age. via https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=gri.ark:/13960/t7qp2n24k&view=1up&seq=108

Flower pictures from just a little while ago, at least if you are a flower. French. Jacques Le Moyne de Morgues, artist. Living from around 1533 to 1588, he served as official artist on Jean Ribault’s expedition to what became North Florida.

A Sheet of Studies of Flowers: A Rose, a Heartsease, a Sweet Pea, a Garden Pea, and a Lax-flowered Orchid. 16th c. French. Watercolor and gouache, over black chalk. Collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/364533
Apple. ca. 1575. French. Watercolor and bodycolor on paper. Museum ID# AM.3267Y-1856. Collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. In the public domain due to age. via https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O25872/watercolour-le-moyne-de/
Two narcissi and a columbine, a dragonfly and a stag beetle. 16th c. French. Black chalk, watercolor, bodycolor on an old album sheet. Inscribed in ink , probably by the artist. Watermark crescents with a crown. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2020. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Lot/jacques-le-moyne-de-morgues-dieppe-ca-6188314-details.aspx
Red currant. ca. 1565. French. Watercolor and gouache on paper prepared as vellum. Image © 2020 Arader Galleries, Philadelphia. Fair use license. via https://aradergalleries.com/products/jacques-le-moyne-de-morgues-french-ca-1533-1588-bullace-2
Stavesacre. ca. 1575. French. Bodycolor and watercolor on paper. Museum ID# AM.3267FF-1856. Collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. In the public domain due to age. via http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O1136622/stavesacre-watercolour-le-moyne-de/