Pretty pigeons from 1906, taken from Emil Schachtzabel’s “Illustriertes Prachtwerk sämtlicher Tauben-rassen.” Schachtzabel was a government worker who also loved pigeons.

Page 20 of Illustriertes Prachtwerk sämtlicher Tauben-rassen. 1906.  Lithograph based on a watercolor template by Anton Schöner. In the public domain due to age. Collections of the American Museum of Natural History Library. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/106229#page/20/mode/2up

Page 22 of Illustriertes Prachtwerk sämtlicher Tauben-rassen. 1906.  Lithograph based on a watercolor template by Anton Schöner. In the public domain due to age. Collections of the American Museum of Natural History Library. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/106229#page/20/mode/2up

Page 24 of Illustriertes Prachtwerk sämtlicher Tauben-rassen. 1906.  Lithograph based on a watercolor template by Anton Schöner. In the public domain due to age. Collections of the American Museum of Natural History Library. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/106229#page/20/mode/2up

Toucans from John Gould’s 1833 work “A monograph of the Ramphastidae, or family of toucans.” Published in London by C. Hullmandel. Lithographic plates from drawings by Edward Lear and John Gould and Elizabeth Gould which were then hand colored by or under the supervision of Gabriel Bayfield.

Ramphastos culmenatus. Culmenated toucan. Image 2 from A monograph of the Ramphastidae, or family of toucans. 1833. Edward Lear, maker. Collections of the Smithsonian Libraries. Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitalizing sponsors. In the public domain due to age. via https://archive.org/details/monographrampha00goul/page/2/mode/1up

Ramphastos Cuvieri (Wagler) Cuvier’s Toucan. Image 3 from A monograph of the Ramphastidae, or family of toucans. 1833. Drawn from nature and on stone by John and Elizabeth Gould. Collections of the Smithsonian Libraries. Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitalizing sponsors. In the public domain due to age. via https://archive.org/details/monographrampha00goul/page/3/mode/1up

Ramphastos erythrorhynchus (auct). Red billed toucan. Image 4 from A monograph of the Ramphastidae, or family of toucans. 1833. Drawn by Edward Lear. Collections of the Smithsonian Libraries. Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitalizing sponsors. In the public domain due to age. via https://archive.org/details/monographrampha00goul/page/4/mode/1up

Victorian era animal pictures, taken from the 1840s “The Naturalist’s Library” which was edited by Sir William Jardine. Hand-colored engraved plates by W. H. Lizars. Taken from a current Sotheby’s auction.

The Bactrian Camel. Plate 1 from a volume of The Naturalist’s Library. 1840s. Hand-colored engraving. W. H. Lizars, engraver. Sir William Jardine, editor. Image  © 2021 Sotheby’s. Artwork itself in the public domain due to age. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2022/fine-books-and-manuscripts-including-americana-part-2/jardine-sir-william-editor-a-complete-natural

Felis Leo (Lion). Plate 2 from a volume of The Naturalist’s Library. 1840s. Hand-colored engraving. W. H. Lizars, engraver. Sir William Jardine, editor. Image  © 2021 Sotheby’s. Artwork itself in the public domain due to age. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2022/fine-books-and-manuscripts-including-americana-part-2/jardine-sir-william-editor-a-complete-natural
White bodied grackle. From a volume of The Naturalist’s Library. 1840s. Hand-colored engraving. W. H. Lizars, engraver. Sir William Jardine, editor. Image  © 2021 Sotheby’s. Artwork itself in the public domain due to age. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2022/fine-books-and-manuscripts-including-americana-part-2/jardine-sir-william-editor-a-complete-natural

Birds from William Swainson’s “Zoological illustrations, or, Original figures and descriptions of new, rare, or interesting animals : selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged on the principles of Cuvier and other modern zoologists”, Published in London between 1820 and 1823.

“Carduelis cucullata: Hooded seed-eater”. Plate 7, page 54. Collections of the Smithsonian Library. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/92614#page/54/mode/1up
“Merops urica: Javanese bee-eater”. Plate 8, page 60. Collections of the Smithsonian Library. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/92614#page/60/mode/1up
“Platyrhynchus ceylonensis: Ceylonese flat-bill.” Plate 13, page 93. Collections of the Smithsonian Library. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/92614#page/93/mode/1up
“Picus rubiginosus: Brown woodpecker.” Plate 14, page 96. Collections of the Smithsonian Library. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/92614#page/96/mode/1up

Plates of Victorian birds, taken from George Robert Gray’s “The genera of birds : comprising their generic characters, a notice of the habits of each genus, and an extensive list of species referred to their several genera” which was issued in parts between 1844 and 1849. Illustrated by D. W. Mitchell and published in London.

“Gypaetinae: Gypaetus barbatus (Linn.)” Page 26, plate 1. Hullmandel and Walton, printers. Collections of and digitalized by the Smithsonian Libraries. In the public domain. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123658#page/26/mode/1up
“Polyborinae: milvago chimango (Vielle).” Page 46, Plate 5. Hullmandel and Walton, printers. Collections of and digitalized by the Smithsonian Institution. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123658#page/46/mode/1up
“Aquilinae: Circaetus holospilus (Vig.).” Page 60, Plate 7. Hullmandel and Walton, printers. Collections of and digitalized by the Smithsonian Institutions. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123658#page/60/mode/1up
“Milvinae: Gamsonyx swainsonii (Vig,).” Page 80, Plate 9. Hullmandel and Walton, printers. Collections of and digitalized by the Smithsonian Institutions. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123658#page/80/mode/1up

Images of birds with wonderful tails taken from “Monograph of the Phasianidae, or Family of the Pheasants,” published in 1872 by American zoologist Daniel Giraud Elliot. Lithographs after artwork by Joseph Wolf. Taken from a current Sotheby’s auction catalog.

“Phasianus Deccollatus.” Lithographed plate after Joseph Wolf. Image © 2021 Sotheby’s. Fair use license. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2021/travel-atlases-maps-and-natural-history/daniel-giraud-elliot-monograph-of-the-phasianidae?locale=en
“Euplocomus Praelatus.” Lithographed plate after Joseph Wolf. Image © 2021 Sotheby’s. Fair use license. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2021/travel-atlases-maps-and-natural-history/daniel-giraud-elliot-monograph-of-the-phasianidae?locale=en
“Ceriornis Temmincki.” Lithographed plate after Joseph Wolf. Image © 2021 Sotheby’s. Fair use license. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2021/travel-atlases-maps-and-natural-history/daniel-giraud-elliot-monograph-of-the-phasianidae?locale=en
“Ceriornis Blythii.” Lithographed plate after Joseph Wolf. Image © 2021 Sotheby’s. Fair use license. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2021/travel-atlases-maps-and-natural-history/daniel-giraud-elliot-monograph-of-the-phasianidae?locale=en