People in history paintings being very dramatic and hoping for a quieter tomorrow. French. Alexandre-Évariste Fragonard, artist (1780-1850). Son of the rather more famous Jean-Honoré Fragonard, he learned to paint from his father, following up with lessons from Jacques-Louis David.

Alexandre-Évariste_Fragonard_-_Scène_du_massacre_de_la_Saint-Barthélémy_(1836)
“Scène de massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy, dans l’appartement de la reine de Navarre.” 1836. French. Oil on canvas. Collection of the Louvre Museum, Paris. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 100 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alexandre-%C3%89variste_Fragonard_-_Sc%C3%A8ne_du_massacre_de_la_Saint-Barth%C3%A9l%C3%A9my_(1836).jpg
234_Alexandre-Evariste_Fragonard_Saladin_à_Jérusalem
“Saladin à Jérusalem.” ca. 1830-1850. French. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Quimper. Image source: Moreau.henri, Cc0 License 4.0. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:234_Alexandre-Evariste_Fragonard_Saladin_%C3%A0_J%C3%A9rusalem.jpg
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“The Triumph of Homer.” ca. 1830-1840. French. Oil on canvas. Signed on the lower left. Image © Didier Aaron. Fair use license. via https://www.didieraaron.com/project/alexandre-evariste-fragonard-2/?lang=en

Paintings of people who may not have been that dressed up. History paintings by Édouard Cibot (1799-1877). Painted a lot of sacred art, too.

Anne_Boleyn_London_Tower
“Anne de Boleyn à la Tour de Londres, dans les premiers moments de son arrestation” (Anne Boleyn in the Tower). 1835. Collections of the Musée Rolin. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anne_Boleyn_London_Tower.jpg
Funeral_of_Godfrey_of_Bouillon
“Funeral of Godfrey of Bouillon on the Mount of Calvary, at Jerusalem (July 23, 1100).” ca. 1842. Oil on canvas. Source; art.com. Collections of the Palace of Versailles. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 100 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Funeral_of_Godfrey_of_Bouillon.jpg
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“Le Compromis des nobles en 1566. Réplique, 1849.” 1849. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Musée des beaux-arts de Liège. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 100 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Le_Compromis_des_nobles_en_1566-Edouard_de_Biefve-MBA_Lyon-2014.jpeg

History seen through a Victorian eye. And yes I think they were that dressed up at sometimes. English. Edward Matthew Ward, artist (1816-1879). He created illustrations for the papers of Washington Irving, too.

Ward, Edward Matthew, 1816-1879; Hogarth's Studio in 1739
“Hogarth’s Studio in 1739.” 1863. Oil on canvas. Collections of and photo credit © York Art Gallery, York. Fair use license. via https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/hogarths-studio-in-1739-8237
The Disgrace of Lord Clarendon, after his Last Interview with the King - Scene at Whitehall Palace, in 1667 (replica) 1846 by Edward Matthew Ward 1816-1879
“The Disgrace of Lord Clarendon, after his Last Interview with the King – Scene at Whitehall Palace, in 1667.” 1846. Collections of the Tate Galleries, London. Cc0 License 3.0. via https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/ward-the-disgrace-of-lord-clarendon-after-his-last-interview-with-the-king-scene-at-n00431
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“The Last Parting of Marie Antoinette and her Son.” 1856. Oil on canvas. Signed and dated signed and dated “E M Ward. RA/1856” on the lower left. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2020. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Lot/edward-matthew-ward-ra-1816-1879-the-last-5857456-details.aspx

History paintings by Alexandre-Marie Colin (1798-1875). All with exotic settings. More fun that way. A close friend of painter Eugène Delacroix.

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“Byron as Don Juan, with Haidee.” 1831. Oil on unlined canvas. In the public domain due to age. via https://books0977.tumblr.com/page/2
Othello_and_Desdemona_by_Alexandre-Marie_Colin
“Othello and Desdemona,’ 1829. Oil on canvas. Collections of the New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, Louisiana. In the public domain due to age. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Othello_and_Desdemona_by_Alexandre-Marie_Colin.jpg
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Alexandre Marie Colin (French, 1798-1875) “A Reclining Turkish Beauty.” 19th c. Oil on panel. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2020. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Lot/alexandre-marie-colin-french-1798-1875-a-5094021-details.aspx oil on panel

Historical paintings with a very edgy spin. More interesting than most. I want to find out what happens next. Italian. Fortunino Matania, artist (1881-1963).

"Nefertiti in her Royal Chariot." No date.
“Nefertiti in her Royal Chariot.” No date. Private Collection. © Estate of the artist. Image © The Bridgman Art Library. Fair use license. via https://www.art.com/products/p21693884492-sa-i7399393/fortunino-matania-nefertiti-in-her-royal-chariot.htm?RFID=217825&ProductTarget=797871853587&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=google&utm_campaign=PLA&gclid=CjwKCAiAjrXxBRAPEiwAiM3DQorPlkK0b4
Beheading of Holofernes by Judith. Reproduced in the magazine Britannia and Eve in 1929.
Beheading of Holofernes by Judith. Reproduced in the magazine “Britannia and Eve” in 1929. Watercolor. © Estate of the artist. Image © 2001 – 2020 The Book Palace. Fair use license. via https://bookpalace.com/acatalog/info_MataniaJudith.html
A woman in Arabian dress holding aloft a platter and surrounded by warriors.
A woman in Arabian dress holding aloft a platter and surrounded by warriors. No date. Gouache en grisaille. © Estate of the artist. Image © 2020 MutualArt Services, Inc. Fair use license. via https://www.mutualart.com/Artwork/A-woman-in-Arabian-dress-holding-aloft-a/14121956AE814B3A
Boadicea leading Iceni revolt by Fortunino Matania
“Boadicea leading the Iceni revolt.” Used as an illustration for the series”Famous Women from History” which appeared in “Britannia and Eve” magazine. © Estate of the artist. Image © mediastorehouse.com. Fair use license. via https://www.mediastorehouse.com/mary-evans-prints-online/boadicea-leading-iceni-revolt-fortunino-matania-14196059.html