Mount Vesuvius in full eruption and other mountains seen from the sea. Paintings by Italian artist Gioacchino La Pira who was active from 1839 to 1875.

Eruizone. 1839-1875. Italian. Oil on canvas. Signed on the bottom right. Image © 2022 Catawki. Fair use license. via https://www.catawiki.com/en/l/27496011-gioacchino-la-pira-eruzione
Notturno sul Golfo di Pozzuoli. 19th c, Italian. Signed Gioacchino La Pira, artist. Signed on the bottom right. Image source; Facebook. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gioacchino_La_Pira_-_Golfo_di_Pozzuoli,_notturno.jpg
Marina di Sorrento. 19th c. Italian. Oil on canvas. Signed on the bottom right. Image © 2022 Catawki. Fair use license. via https://www.catawiki.com/en/l/29647773-gioacchino-la-pira-1839-1870-marina-di-sorrento
Vesuvius Erupting at Night. 1868. Italian. Gouache. Signed and dated 1868 on the lower right. Image © 2020 Sworders. Fair use license,. via https://www.sworder.co.uk/auction/lot/325-gioacchino-la-pira-italian/?lot=185210&sd=1#

Volcano art, painted by Austrian landscape artist Michael Wutsky who painted in the Rococo style. Living from 1739 to 1822/1823, spent six years in Italy much of it spent in Naples painting Mount Vesuvius.

Versuv-Ausbruch.” ca. 1780s. Austrian. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Kunstmuseum Basel. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wutky_Vesuv-Ausbruch.jpg
A view of Vesuvius erupting with Sir William Hamilton observing from afar with his crew, the painter on the right. Undated, probably 1780s. Austrian. Oil on canvas. Image © Christie’s 2021. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-6117620
“Der Ausbruch des Vesuv über den Golf von Neapel gesehen.” ca. 1780s. Austrian. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Albertina, Vienna. Image source:  WikiWriter123. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Der_Ausbruch_des_Vesuv_%C3%BCber_den_Golf_von_Neapel_gesehen,_%C3%96l_auf_Leinwand.jpg
“Lava Flow on Vesuvius.” 1780s. Austrian. Image source Twitter. Artwork in the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wutky-Vesuvius_lava.jpg

Volcano art, all of these of Mount Vesuvius in mid eruption. One with a bit of Pompeii. English. Sebastian Pether, painter. Living from 1790 to 1844, he painted landscapes. Had a son who was a mosaic artist.

“The Bay of Naples.” 1823. English. Oil on canvas. Signed and dated “S. Pether 1823” on the lower right. Image © 2021 Sotheby’s. Fair use license. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2021/master-paintings-part-ii/the-bay-of-naples
“The Eruption of Vesuvius.” 1825. Collections of the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art. Artwork in the public domain due to age. via https://www.getdailyart.com/22491/sebastian-pether/the-eruption-of-vesuvius
“Eruption of Vesuvius with Destruction of a Roman City.” 1824. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Image © 2021 KCRW. Fair use license. via https://www.kcrw.com/culture/shows/art-talk/la-art-scene-on-fire-opening-of-the-new-season

Mount Vesuvius erupting but not today. Paintings filled with flaming excitement but guaranteed not to spill lava on the carpet. Various artists.

"The Eruption of Vesuvius, 1794." ca. late 18th century.
“The Eruption of Vesuvius, 1794.” ca. late 18th century. Artist not known. Collection of the Austrian National Library. Cc0 License 1.0. via https://www.europeana.eu/portal/en/record/92070/BibliographicResource_1000126220870.html

"Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." 1762.
“Eruption of Mount Vesuvius.” 1762. French. Charles Francois Lacroix de Marseilles, artist (1700-1779 or 1782). In the public domain. via https://volcanocafe.wordpress.com/2014/12/06/deadly-allure-mount-vesuvius-in-paintings/

"The Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." 1777.
“The Eruption of Mount Vesuvius.” 1777. French. Pierre-Jacques Volaire, artist (1729 – 1790’s). Image © 1999–2019 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc., Raleigh. Fair use license. via https://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_eruption_of_mt._vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius erupting in 1812 as seen from the Ponte dell Maddalena. (detail).
Mount Vesuvius erupting in 1812 as seen from the Ponte dell Maddalena. (detail). ca. 1820. Gouache. Artist not known. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 70 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Painting_of_Mount_Vesuvius_erupting_in_1812_as_seen_from_the_Ponte_dell_Maddalena_(c_1820,_detail).jpg

Portraits of Mount Vesuvius but not recently. Franz Ludwig Catel, painter (1778-1856). Born in Germany he mostly worked in Rome. One view he liked so much he painted it twice.

"The Bay of Naples with Vesuvius and Castel dell'Ovo." ca. 1818-1820.
“The Bay of Naples with Vesuvius and Castel dell’Ovo.” ca. 1818-1820. Oil on paper, laid down on cardboard. Collection of the Thaw Collection, Jointly Owned by The Metropolitan Museum of Art and The Morgan Library & Museum, New York. Image © 2000–2019 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Fair use license.via https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/439354

"The Gulf of Naples with Vesuvius." ca. 1820.
“The Gulf of Naples with Vesuvius.” ca. 1820. Collection of the Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen. Cc0 License 0. https://www.europeana.eu/portal/en/record/2020903/KMS1088.html

"View of Naples with Castel dell'Ovo and Mount Vesuvius seen from the Salita di San' Antonio." 1819.
“View of Naples with Castel dell’Ovo and Mount Vesuvius seen from the Salita di San’ Antonio.” 1819. Oil on canvas. Collection of the National Trust, Ickworth. Image © Art UK. Fair use license. via https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/view-of-naples-with-castel-dellovo-and-mount-vesuvius-seen-from-the-salita-di-san-antonio-171857