Volcano art, painted by Austrian landscape artist Michael Wutsky who painted in the Rococo style. Living from 1739 to 1822/1823, spent six years in Italy much of it spent in Naples painting Mount Vesuvius.

Versuv-Ausbruch.” ca. 1780s. Austrian. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Kunstmuseum Basel. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wutky_Vesuv-Ausbruch.jpg
A view of Vesuvius erupting with Sir William Hamilton observing from afar with his crew, the painter on the right. Undated, probably 1780s. Austrian. Oil on canvas. Image © Christie’s 2021. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-6117620
“Der Ausbruch des Vesuv über den Golf von Neapel gesehen.” ca. 1780s. Austrian. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Albertina, Vienna. Image source:  WikiWriter123. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Der_Ausbruch_des_Vesuv_%C3%BCber_den_Golf_von_Neapel_gesehen,_%C3%96l_auf_Leinwand.jpg
“Lava Flow on Vesuvius.” 1780s. Austrian. Image source Twitter. Artwork in the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wutky-Vesuvius_lava.jpg

Views from an old Ecuador, these all being of the volcano Cotopaxi. Painted by American artist Frederic Edwin Church who lived from 1826 to 1900. Church made two trips to South America, in 1853 and 1857 so these were painted in real time not riffed from a book illustration.

“Cotopaxi.” 1855. American. Oil on canvas. Collections of the The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Image © 2021 Terra Foundation for American Art. Fair use license. via https://picturingtheamericas.org/painting/cotopaxi/
“View of Cotopaxi.” 1867. American. Oil on canvas. Collections of the Yale University Art Gallery. Artwork itself in the public domain due to age. via https://interactive.britishart.yale.edu/critique-of-reason/389/view-of-cotopaxi
“Cotopaxi.” 1853. American. Brush and oil paint, graphite on paperboard. Collections of the Detroit Institute of Arts. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cotopaxi_church.jpg

Mount Vesuvius erupting but not today. Paintings filled with flaming excitement but guaranteed not to spill lava on the carpet. Various artists.

"The Eruption of Vesuvius, 1794." ca. late 18th century.
“The Eruption of Vesuvius, 1794.” ca. late 18th century. Artist not known. Collection of the Austrian National Library. Cc0 License 1.0. via https://www.europeana.eu/portal/en/record/92070/BibliographicResource_1000126220870.html

"Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." 1762.
“Eruption of Mount Vesuvius.” 1762. French. Charles Francois Lacroix de Marseilles, artist (1700-1779 or 1782). In the public domain. via https://volcanocafe.wordpress.com/2014/12/06/deadly-allure-mount-vesuvius-in-paintings/

"The Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." 1777.
“The Eruption of Mount Vesuvius.” 1777. French. Pierre-Jacques Volaire, artist (1729 – 1790’s). Image © 1999–2019 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc., Raleigh. Fair use license. via https://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_eruption_of_mt._vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius erupting in 1812 as seen from the Ponte dell Maddalena. (detail).
Mount Vesuvius erupting in 1812 as seen from the Ponte dell Maddalena. (detail). ca. 1820. Gouache. Artist not known. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 70 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Painting_of_Mount_Vesuvius_erupting_in_1812_as_seen_from_the_Ponte_dell_Maddalena_(c_1820,_detail).jpg

Erupting volcanoes but on your wall not across your front yard . . . .no live lava and smoke involved. Painted by English artist Joseph Wright of Derby, who lived from 1734 to 1797. Did some nice things with oil paint and fireworks too. That’s coming up soon.

"Vesuvius in Eruption, with a View over the Islands in the Bay of Naples." 18th c.
“Vesuvius in Eruption, with a View over the Islands in the Bay of Naples.” 18th c. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oberhausen_-_Gasometer_-_Der_sch%C3%B6ne_Schein_-_Vesuvius_in_Eruption,_with_a_View_over_the_Islands_in_the_Bay_of_Naples_(Wright_of_Derby)_01_ies.jpg

"Vesuvius from Portici." 1774-76.
“Vesuvius from Portici.” 1774-76. Art collection of the Huntington Library in Pasadena, California. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Joseph_Wright_of_Derby_-_Vesuvius_from_Portici.jpg

Paintings of erupting Hawaiian volcanoes that look spookier than last summer’s pictures . . .the fire goddess must have been having a major tantrum . . Jules Tavernier, French artist (1844-1889). Member of the Hawaiian Volcano School.

Untitled (Dripping Lava). 1886.
Untitled (Dripping Lava). 1886. Oil on canvas. Collection of the National Park Service, Volcanoes National Park. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%27Untitled_(Dripping_Lava)%27_by_Jules_Tavernier,_1886,_oil.jpg.

"Kīlauea Caldera, Sandwich Islands." 1886.
“Kīlauea Caldera, Sandwich Islands.” 1886. Oil on canvas. Photo credit: wmpearl. Collection of the San Diego Museum of Art. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kilauea_Caldera,_Sandwich_Islands_by_Jules_Tavernier,_San_Diego_Museum_of_Art.JPG.

"Full Moon over Kilauea." 1887.
“Full Moon over Kilauea.” 1887. Oil on canvas. Location not given. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jules_Tavernier%27s_painting_%27Full_Moon_over_Kilauea%27,_1887.jpg.

"Le Volcan Kilauea." 1887
“Le Volcan Kilauea.” 1887. Oil on canvas. Location not available. via https://leprincelointain.blogspot.com/2016/12/jules-tavernier-1844-1889-le-volcan.html.

"Volcano, Kilauea, Island of Hawaii." 1885.
“Volcano, Kilauea, Island of Hawaii.” 1885. Gouache and pastel on paper. Collection of the National Park Service, Volcanoes National Park. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%27Volcano,_Kilauea,_Island_of_Hawaii%27_by_Jules_Tavernier,_1885,_gouache_and_pastel_.jpg

All artworks in the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over a hundred years.