Portraits of Eugénie de Montijo de Guzman, better recalled as Empress Eugénie of France (1826-1920). A fashion trend setter and early adopter of the crinoline. Please note that I assign nationality by the nationality of the artists. Eugénie was Spanish, married to the emperor of France.

Eugénie de Montijo de Guzman, Empress of the French. 1854.
Eugénie de Montijo de Guzman, Empress of the French. 1854. French. Oil on canvas. Edouard Louis Dubufe, artist (1819-1883). Collection of the Château de Versailles. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 70 years ago. via https://books0977.tumblr.com/
Empress_Eugenie_1854
“Portrait of Eugénie de Montijo. 1853. French. Oil on canvas. Edouard Louis Dubufe, artist (1819-1883). Collection of the Château de Compiègne. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 70 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Empress_Eugenie_1854.jpg
"L'impératrice Eugénie à la Marie-Antoinette." 1854.
“L’impératrice Eugénie à la Marie-Antoinette.” 1854. Signed, dated and inscribed on the lower right. Franz Xaver Winterhalter, German artist (1805-1873). Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/437942
Empress_Eugenie_Ladies_in_Waiting_Winterhalter
“The Empress Eugenie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting.” 1855. Franz Xaver Winterhalter, German artist (1805-1873). Image source osenat.com. In the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1925. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Empress_Eugenie_Ladies_in_Waiting_Winterhalter.jpg

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