Early American portraits of children. Joseph Goodhue Chandler, artist. Living from 1813 to 1884, he studied art in Albany, New York. First working as an itinerant painter, he later had a studio in Boston.

Portrait of Hugh and Wright Carpenter. ca. 1861. American. Oil on canvas. Attributed to Joseph Goodhue Chandler. Collections of the Bennington Museum, Bennington, Vermont. Image source: Daderot.In the public domain because the artist died over 70 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hugh_and_Wright_Carpenter,attributed_to_Joseph_Goodhue_Chandler,_c._1861,_oil_on_canvasBennington_MuseumBennington,_VT-_DSC08549.JPG
Full Length Portrait of Two Children, The Boy Holding a Cane, The Girl in a Red Dress Holding a Basket of Flowers. ca. 1840. American. Oil on canvas. Unsigned. Attributed to Joseph Goodhue Chandler. Image © 2017 Jeffrey Tillou Antiques. Fair use license. via https://www.tillouantiques.com/inventory/joseph-goodhue-chandler-1813-1884-activelived-in-massachusetts-new-york/
“The Slater Children.” ca. 1835. American. Oil on canvas. Joseph Goodhue Chandler, artist. Artwork in the public domain due to age. via https://poulwebb.blogspot.com/2016/12/american-folk-art-part-18.html
1837-1845c “Young Girl Holding a Cluster of Grapes with Her Dog at Her Feet.” ca. 1837-1845. American.
Oil on canvas. Joseph Goodhue Chandler, artist. Artwork in the public domain due to age. via https://poulwebb.blogspot.com/2016/12/american-folk-art-part-18.html
“Miss Mary S. Gardner aged Three Years.” 1850. American. Oil on canvas. Joseph Goodhue Chandler, artist. Artwork in the public domain due to age. via https://poulwebb.blogspot.com/2016/12/american-folk-art-part-18.html

Baroque portraits of 17th century ladies, some with children too. English. John Michael Wright, painter. Living from 1617 to 1694, Wright trained in Edinburgh under the Scots painter George Jamesone.

Portrait of Jane Monins (c.1640-99), three-quarter length, in a blue and gold dress. 17th c. English. Oil on canvas. Image © 2020 Sothebys. Fair use license. via https://www.sothebys.com/en/buy/auction/2021/the-family-collection-of-the-late-countess-mountbatten-of-burma/portrait-of-jane-monins-c-1640-99-three-quarter
Portrait of Mrs. Salesbury with her grandchildren Edward and Elizabeth Bagot. 1675-1676. English. John Michael Wright. Collections of the Tate Galleries. Cco License. via https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/john-michael-wright-614
Portrait of Mary Villiers, Duchess of Lennox and Richmond (1622-1685), half-length, in a blue dress, her left hand resting on an Ouroboros, with her children, Esmé (1649-1660) and Mary (1651-1668). Image © Christie’s 2021. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-5630073

Portraits of British women and girls painted by Scottish artist Thomas Martine Ronaldson (1881–1942).

“Summer.” 1928. Scottish. Signed on the lower right. Artwork in the public domain due to age. via https://www.reddit.com/r/museum/comments/6bmck9/thomas_martine_ronaldson_summer_1928/
Anna Katrina Zinkeisen. ca. 1924. Scottish. Oil on canvas. Collections of and © National Galleries of Scotland, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art. Fair use license. via https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/anna-katrina-zinkeisen-214403
“Lesley in the Studio/The Painter’s Daughter.” 1923. Oil on canvas. Scottish. Photo credit, collections and © Falmouth Art Gallery. Fair use license. via https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/lesley-in-the-studio-14625

Golden Age portraits of Dutch children. Dirck Dircksz van Santvoort, painter. Living from 1609 to 1680, he lived and worked in Amsterdam.

Portrait of a girl, full-length, in a black dress, holding a glove and some buttercups, with a dog. 1632. Oil on panel. Dutch. Inscribed and dated ‘Ætatis. Sua .6· / Anno · 1632 ·’ on the upper right. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2021. Fair use license. via https://onlineonly.christies.com/s/old-master-paintings-sculpture-online/dirck-dircksz-van-santvoort-amsterdam-c-1610-1680-156/110566 and https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dirck_dircksz_van_santvoort_portrait_of_a_girl_full-length_in_a_black_121556).jpg
Boy in white. ca. 1641. Dutch. Oil on panel. Private Collection. Image source pubhist.com. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dirck_Dircksz_Santvoort_-Boy_in_White-_c._1641.jpg
Portrait of Elizabeth Spiegel. 1639. Dutch. Oil on panel. Collections of the Cleveland Museum of Art. In the public domain because the artist died over 100 years ago. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dirck_Dircksz.SantvoortPortrait_of_Elizabeth_Spiegel1975.81-_Cleveland_Museum_of_Art.tiff

Portraits of late 17th century British children and young people. One with a pet. John Closterman (Klosterman), artist. Living from 1660 to 1711, he specialized in portraits of European noblemen and their families. From Westphalia but painted a great deal in Britain.

"Portrait of David Papillon (1691-1762), full-length, with a bow and arrows and his dog, in a landscape." ca. 1700. Oil on canvas.
“Portrait of David Papillon (1691-1762), full-length, with a bow and arrows and his dog, in a landscape.” ca. 1700. Oil on canvas. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2020. Fair use license. viahttps://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Lot/john-closterman-osnabruck-1660-1711-london-portrait-of-6043895-details.aspx

John-Closterman-The-Children-of-John-Taylor-of-Bifrons-Park-1696-National-Portrait-Gallery-John-John-Closterman-The-Children-of-John-Taylor-of-Bifrons-Park-1696-National-Portrait-Gallery
“The Children of John Taylor of Bifrons Park.” 1696. Oil on canvas. Collection of the National Portrait Gallery, London. Image © NEIGHBOURHOOD MEDIA LIMITED 2020. Fair use license. via https://theglossarymagazine.com/arts-culture/the-must-see-exhibitions-in-london-this-spring/john-closterman-the-children-of-john-taylor-of-bifrons-park-1696-national-portrait-gallery-john-john-closterman-the-children-of-jo

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Portrait of a boy, full-length, in classical dress, with a greyhound, a wooded landscape beyond. No date. Oil on canvas. Circle of John Closterman. Image © CHRISTIE’S 2020. Fair use license. via https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Lot/circle-of-john-closterman-osnabruck-1660-1711-london-5641730-details.aspx

Portraits of children all dressed up, feathers in their bonnets and all. One with no feathers but arrows instead. Nicolaes Maes, Dutch painter. (1634 -1693).

"Portrait of a Baby Girl as Venus, in a Chariot Drawn by Doves." 17th c.
“Portrait of a Baby Girl as Venus, in a Chariot Drawn by Doves.” 17th c. Oil on canvas. Photo credit: National Trust Images. Image © National Trust, Wimpole Hall. Fair use license. via https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/portrait-of-a-baby-girl-as-venus-in-a-chariot-drawn-by-doves-171684.

"Portrait of a Boy as a Hunter." 1671. Private collection.
“Portrait of a Boy as a Hunter.” 1671. Private collection. Image © 2019 Mauritshuis. Fair use license. via https://www.mauritshuis.nl/en/discover/exhibitions/nicolaes-maes/

Lempertz-1057-1518-Alte-Kunst-Nicolaes-Maes-Portrait-of-a-Boy-with-a-
“Portrait of a Boy with a Dog and a Bird.” 17th c. Signed “MAES” on the lower left. Image © 2019 Lempertz Auctions. Fair use license. via https://www.lempertz.com/en/catalogues/lot/1057-1/1518-nicolaes-maes.html

Portraits of children and their pets ready for winter. Dutch. Jan Albertsz Rotius, artist. Living from 1624 to 1666 he probably learned to paint from his father Jacob who painted flowers.

"Four-Year-Old Boy with Goat." 1652.
“Four-Year-Old Boy with Goat.” 1652. Oil on panel. Image © Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Fair use license. via https://www.pubhist.com/w10637

"A Four-year-old Girl with a Pot of Carnations." 1663.
“A Four-year-old Girl with a Pot of Carnations.” 1663. Oil on canvas. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jan_Albertsz_Rotius_-_A_Four-year-old_Girl_with_a_Pot_of_Carnations_-_1663.jpg

Portrait of a Young Boy. 1666.
Portrait of a Young Boy. 1666. Attributed to Jan Albertsz Rotius. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://i.pinimg.com/originals/f2/90/a7/f290a7bbd8e0b20c1e90e88c19001da7.jpg

Portrait of a Boy with a Goat. 1640-1660.
Portrait of a Boy with a Goat. 1640-1660. Collection of the Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, County Durham. England. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://i.pinimg.com/originals/bb/b3/d7/bbb3d76c90ae6d02ce013f10a5e8d681.jpg

Children, some playing and some fighting. French. Henri-Pierre Danloux, artist (1753-1809). Brought up in Paris, he painted in Rome.

"Two Children Fighting over a Piece of Bread." No date.
“Two Children Fighting over a Piece of Bread.” No date. In the public domain due to age. via https://fineartamerica.com/featured/two-children-fighting-over-a-piece-of-bread-henri-pierre-danloux.html

Portrait of Henry John Lambert. 1800.
Portrait of Henry John Lambert. 1800. Oil on canvas. Private collection. Image © Web Gallery of Art. Fair use license. via https://www.wga.hu/html_m/d/danloux/lambert.html

Portrait of Two Children. No date.
Portrait of Two Children. No date. Collection of the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee. In the public domain due to age. via https://www.oceansbridge.com/shop/uncategorized/portrait-of-two-children-3

The Masters Foster. No date.
The Masters Foster. No date. Photo © Christie’s. © 2019 1000Museums. Fair use license. via https://www.1000museums.com/art_works/henri-pierre-danloux-the-masters-foster

Pictures of young people by Swiss painter Jean-Étienne Liotard. Living from 1702 to 1789, he is best known for his pastel portraits.

Princess Louisa Anne.  1754.
Princess Louisa Anne. 1754. Image © Royal Collection Trust. Fair use license. via https://www.bsecs.org.uk/criticks-reviews/jean-etienne-liotard/

"Avec une Poupee/Marianne Liotard Holding a Doll." 1765.
“Avec une Poupee/Marianne Liotard Holding a Doll.” 1765. Pastel on parchment. Collection of Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://neiljeffares.wordpress.com/2016/01/06/mlle-liotard-playing-with-her-doll-some-puzzles/

Princess Caroline Mathilda. 1754.
Princess Caroline Mathilda. 1754. Pastel on vellum. Royal Collection Trust. In the public domain because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Caroline_Matilda_1754_by_Liotard.jpg

Prince Henry Benedict Clement Stuart (1725–1807), Cardinal York and younger brother of Prince Charles Edward Stuart.
Prince Henry Benedict Clement Stuart (1725–1807), Cardinal York and younger brother of Prince Charles Edward Stuart. 18th c. Image and photo credit © National Galleries of Scotland, Scottish National Portrait Gallery. Fair use license. via https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/prince-henry-benedict-clement-stuart-17251807-cardinal-york-and-younger-brother-of-prince-charles-edward-stuart-212866

"Children Blowing Soap Bubbles." 18th c.
“Children Blowing Soap Bubbles.” 18th c. Collection of Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna. In the public domain in the United States because the artist has been dead over 70 years. via https://elismondom.wordpress.com/2012/04/26/genf-a-szepmuveszeti-muzeum-es-liotard/

Paintings of children, mostly with pets. French. Pierre Gobert, artist. Living from 1662 to 1744 he was a member of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture.

Léopold-Clément de Lorraine. 1710's.
Léopold-Clément de Lorraine. 1710’s. In the public domain in the United States because the artist died over 70 years ago. via https://fineartamerica.com/featured/leopold-clement-charles-de-lorraine-pierre-gobert.html

The young Louis XV. 1714.
The young Louis XV. 1714. Oil on canvas. Collection of the Museo del Prado, Madrid. In the public domain due to age. via https://fineartamerica.com/featured/the-young-louis-xv-1714-oil-on-canvas-pierre-gobert.html

Girl with a bird cage. ca. 1712.
Girl with a bird cage. ca. 1712. Oil on canvas. Collection of the Museo del Prado, Madrid. In the public domain due to age. via https://fineartamerica.com/featured/girl-with-a-bird-cage-ca-1712-oil-on-canvas-pierre-gobert.html

Princess Louise of France. 1728-1733.
Princess Louise of France. 1728-1733. In the public domain due to age. via http://monarquiasdeeuropa.blogspot.com/2011/04/luisa-de-francia.html