Portraits of Native Americans from before a lot of people decided to go out west and it was never the same again. From George Catlin’s work, “O-Kee-Pa; a Religious Ceremony; and other Customs of the Mandans,” an account of an annual religious ceremony practiced by the Mandan tribe. Published in 1867.

Page 62. George Catlin, artist. Simonau and Toovey, lithographers. Collections of the University of Pittsburgh Library System.  Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, digitalizing sponsor. In the public domain due to age. via https://archive.org/details/okeepareligiousc00catl/page/n62/mode/1up
Page 71. George Catlin, artist. Simonau and Toovey, lithographers. Collections of the University of Pittsburgh Library System.  Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, digitalizing sponsor. In the public domain due to age. via https://archive.org/details/okeepareligiousc00catl/page/n70/mode/1up
Page 95. George Catlin, artist. Simonau and Toovey, lithographers. Collections of the University of Pittsburgh Library System.  Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, digitalizing sponsor. In the public domain due to age. via https://archive.org/details/okeepareligiousc00catl/page/n94/mode/1up

These were published towards the end of Catlin’s life, but the images and the text refer back to a visit in July of 1832 when Catlin was joined by, among others, a J. Kipp who was agent for the Missouri Fur Company.

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